Batch Changes site admin configuration reference

Batch Changes is generally configured through the same site configuration and code host configuration as the rest of Sourcegraph. However, Batch Changes features may require specific configuration, and those are documented here.

Access control

Sourcegraph 5.0+

Batch Changes is RBAC-enabled Beta. By default, all users have full read and write access for Batch Changes, but this can be restricted by changing the default role permissions, or by creating new custom roles.

Rollout windows

By default, Sourcegraph attempts to reconcile (create, update, or close) changesets as quickly as the rate limits on the code host allow. This can result in CI systems being overwhelmed if hundreds or thousands of changesets are being handled as part of a single batch change.

Configuring rollout windows allows changesets to be reconciled at a slower or faster rate based on the time of day and/or the day of the week. These windows are applied to changesets across all code hosts, but they only affect the rate at which changesets are created/published, updated, or closed, as well as some other internal operations like importing and detaching. Bulk operations to publish changesets also respect the rollout window; however, bulk commenting, merging, and closing will happen all at once.

Rollout windows are configured through the batchChanges.rolloutWindows site configuration option. If specified, this option contains an array of rollout window objects that are used to schedule changesets. The format of these objects is given below.


When rollout windows are enabled, changesets will initially enter a Scheduled state when their batch change is applied. Hovering or tapping on the changeset's state icon will provide an estimate of when the changeset will be reconciled.

To restore the default behavior, you can either delete the batchChanges.rolloutWindows option, or set it to null.

Or, to put it another way:

batchChanges.rolloutWindows configuration Behavior
Omitted, or set to null Changesets will be reconciled as fast as the code host allows; essentially the same as setting a single {"rate": "unlimited"} window.
Set to an array (even if empty) Changesets will be reconciled using the rate limit in the current window using the leaky bucket behavior described below. If no window covers the current period, then no changesets will be reconciled until a window with a non-zero rate opens.
Any other value The configuration is invalid, and an error will appear.

Leaky bucket rate limiting

Rate limiting uses the leaky bucket algorithm to smooth bursts in reconciliations.

Practically speaking, this means that the given rate can be thought of more as an average than as a simple resource allocation. If there are always changesets in the queue, a rate of 10/hour means that a changeset will be reconciled approximately every six minutes, rather than ten changesets being simultaneously reconciled at the start of each hour.

Avoiding hitting rate limits

Keep in mind that if you configure a rollout window that is too aggressive, you risk exceeding your code hosts' API rate limits. We recommend maintaining a rate that is no faster than 5/minute; however, you can refer to your code host's API docs if you wish to increase it beyond this recommendation:

When using a global service account token with Batch Changes, keep in mind that this token will also be used for other Batch Changes <> code host interactions, too.

You may encounter this error when publishing changesets to GitHub:

Failed to run operations on changeset

Creating changeset: error in GraphQL response: was submitted too quickly

In addition to their normal API rate limits, GitHub also has an internal content creation limit (also called secondary rate limit), which is an intentional restriction on the platform to combat abuse by automated actors. At the time of writing, the specifics of this limit remain undocumented, due largely to the fact that it is dynamically determined (see this GitHub issue). However, the behavior of the limit is that it only permits a fixed number of resources to be created per minute and per hour, and exceeding this limit triggers a temporary hour-long suspension during which time no additional resources of this type can be created.

Presently, Batch Changes does not automatically work around this limit (feature request tracked here. The current guidance if you do encounter this issue is to wait an hour and then try again, setting a less frequent rolloutWindows rate until this issue is no longer encountered.

Rollout window object

A rollout window is a JSON object that looks as follows:

  "rate": "10/hour",
  "days": ["saturday", "sunday"],
  "start": "06:00",
  "end": "20:00"

All fields are optional except for rate, and are described below in more detail. All times and days are handled in UTC.

In the event multiple windows overlap, the last defined window will be used.


rate describes the rate at which changesets will be reconciled. This may be expressed in one of the following ways:

  • The string unlimited, in which case no limit will be applied for this window, or
  • A string in the format N/UNIT, where N is a number and UNIT is one of second, minute, or hour; for example, 10/hour would allow 10 changesets to be reconciled per hour, or
  • The number 0, which will prevent any changesets from being reconciled when this window is active.


days is an array of strings that defines the days of the week that the window applies to. English day names are accepted in a case insensitive manner:

  • ["saturday", "sunday"] constrains the window to Saturday and Sunday.
  • ["tuesday"] constrains the window to only Tuesday.

If omitted or an empty array, all days of the week will be matched.

start and end

start and end define the start and end of the window on each day that is matched by days, or every day of the week if days is omitted. Values are defined as HH:MM in UTC.

Both start and end must be provided or omitted: providing only one is invalid.


To rate limit changeset publication to 3 per minute between 08:00 and 16:00 UTC on weekdays, and allow unlimited changesets outside of those hours:

    "rate": "unlimited"
    "rate": "3/minute",
    "days": ["monday", "tuesday", "wednesday", "thursday", "friday"],
    "start": "08:00",
    "end": "16:00"

To only allow changesets to be reconciled at 1 changeset per minute on (UTC) weekends:

    "rate": "1/minute",
    "days": ["saturday", "sunday"]

Incoming webhooks

Sourcegraph 3.33+

Sourcegraph can track incoming webhooks from code hosts to more easily debug issues with webhook delivery. Learn how to setup webhooks and configure logging.


Sourcegraph 3.36+

Sourcegraph can be configured to push branches created by Batch Changes to a fork of the repository, rather than the repository itself, by enabling the batchChanges.enforceForks site configuration option.

When enabled, Batch Changes will now prefix the name of the fork repo it creates with the original repo's namespace name in order to prevent repo name collisions. For example, a changeset that opens a pull request against would push the branch to Note that if a global service account is in use, then the fork will be created in the namespace of the service account, not the user.


To enable forks, update the site configuration to include:

  "batchChanges.enforceForks": true