TypeScript build documentation

This document describes the TypeScript projects in this repository and how they are built.

Build products

We use TypeScript for two products:

These both use shared TypeScript code in ../shared. Each product has its own separate Webpack configuration.

Build process and configuration

Goals

  • It should be simple for anyone to make changes to the web app or browser extension.
    • The TypeScript build configurations should work well with Webpack, tsc, storybooks, and VS Code (and other editors that use tsserver).
    • Go-to-definition, find-references, auto-import-completion, and other editor features should work across all shared code (with no jumps to generated .d.ts files).
    • An edit to a shared TypeScript file should be directly reflected in both products’ build processes in all of those tools.
  • It should feel like a single, consistent user experience to use the web app and browser extension.
    • Corollary: These should be developed together most of the time. They should feel like the same codebases, and new features that are relevant to both should be made by the same person and in the same commit/PR. (The browser extension needs more backcompat than the web app, because the browser extension must support communicating with older Sourcegraph instances.)
  • Make the edit-reload-debug cycle for errors as quick as possible.

Background

We have tried two things that ended up not satisfying our needs:

  • One repository per package: The overhead of sharing code was too high. It required publishing intermediate packages (that were not used by any other consumers).
  • Yarn workspaces: The overhead of sharing code was still too high. Also, we encountered bugs (like #4964) that made us feel it was not ready for production use.

Design

Based on our experience, we decided to:

  • Use only the most standard tools: tsc and yarn. (Bonus points for not using yarn-specific features, to preserve optionality to switch back to npm.)
  • Do not build shared code to an intermediate output directory. Instead, import shared .ts and .tsx files directory from product code.
  • Use a single root package.json that specifies all dependencies needed by any product or shared code.

The one “hack” is that each subproject’s node_modules/.bin is symlinked to the root node_modules/.bin so that package.json scripts can refer to programs installed by dependencies. (Subprojects’ node_modules directories are otherwise empty.)

Howtos

Add a dependency

Run yarn add PACKAGE or yarn add -D PACKAGE in the root directory.

Upgrade a dependency

Run yarn upgrade -L PACKAGE.