Management Operations

⚠️ We recommend new users use our machine image or script-install instructions, which are easier and offer more flexibility when configuring Sourcegraph. Existing customers can reach out to our Customer Engineering team [email protected] if they wish to migrate to these deployment models.


The Sourcegraph Docker Compose yaml file uses Docker volumes to store its data. These volumes are stored at /var/lib/docker/volumes by default on Linux.

Guides for managing cloud storage and backups are available in our cloud-specific installation guides:

Access the database

The following command allows a user to shell into the Sourcegraph database container and run psql to interact with the container’s postgres database:

docker exec -it pgsql psql -U sg #access pgsql container and run psql
docker exec -it codeintel-db psql -U sg #access codeintel-db container and run psql

Database Migrations

The frontend container in the docker-compose.yaml file will automatically run on startup and migrate the databases if any changes are required, however administrators may wish to migrate their databases before upgrading the rest of the system when working with large databases. Sourcegraph guarantees database backward compatibility to the most recent minor point release so the database can safely be upgraded before the application code.

To execute the database migrations independently, follow the docker-compose instructions on how to manually run database migrations. Running the up (default) command on the migrator of the version you are upgrading to will apply all migrations required by the next version of Sourcegraph.

Backup and restore

The following instructions are specific to backing up and restoring the Sourcegraph databases in a Docker Compose deployment. These do not apply to other deployment types.

Back up Sourcegraph databases

These instructions will back up the primary sourcegraph database and the codeintel database.

1. ssh from your local machine into the machine hosting the sourcegraph deployment

2. cd to the deploy-sourcegraph-docker/docker-compose directory on the host

3. Verify the deployment is running:

docker-compose ps
          Name                         Command                       State                                                           Ports
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
caddy                       caddy run --config /etc/ca ...   Up                      2019/tcp, 0.0.0.0:443->443/tcp, 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp
cadvisor                    /usr/bin/cadvisor -logtost ...   Up (health: starting)   8080/tcp
codeinsights-db             docker-entrypoint.sh postgres    Up                      5432/tcp
codeintel-db                /postgres.sh                     Up (healthy)            5432/tcp
github-proxy                /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
gitserver-0                 /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
grafana                     /entry.sh                        Up                      3000/tcp, 0.0.0.0:3370->3370/tcp
jaeger                      /go/bin/all-in-one-linux - ...   Up                      0.0.0.0:14250->14250/tcp, 14268/tcp, 0.0.0.0:16686->16686/tcp, 5775/udp, 0.0.0.0:5778->5778/tcp,
                                                                                     0.0.0.0:6831->6831/tcp, 6831/udp, 0.0.0.0:6832->6832/tcp, 6832/udp
blobstore                   /usr/bin/docker-entrypoint ...   Up (healthy)            9000/tcp
pgsql                       /postgres.sh                     Up (healthy)            5432/tcp
precise-code-intel-worker   /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up (health: starting)   3188/tcp
prometheus                  /bin/prom-wrapper                Up                      0.0.0.0:9090->9090/tcp
query-runner                /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
redis-cache                 /sbin/tini -- redis-server ...   Up                      6379/tcp
redis-store                 /sbin/tini -- redis-server ...   Up                      6379/tcp
repo-updater                /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
searcher-0                  /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up (healthy)
symbols-0                   /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up (healthy)            3184/tcp
syntect-server              sh -c /http-server-stabili ...   Up (healthy)            9238/tcp
worker                      /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up                      3189/tcp
zoekt-indexserver-0         /sbin/tini -- zoekt-source ...   Up
zoekt-webserver-0           /sbin/tini -- /bin/sh -c z ...   Up (healthy)

4. Stop the deployment, and restart the databases service only to ensure there are no other connections during backup and restore.

docker-compose down
docker-compose -f db-only-migrate.docker-compose.yaml up -d

5. Generate the database dumps

docker exec pgsql sh -c 'pg_dump -C --username sg sg' > sourcegraph_db.out
docker exec codeintel-db -c 'pg_dump -C --username sg sg' > codeintel_db.out

6. Ensure the sourcegraph_db.out and codeintel_db.out files are moved to a safe and secure location.

Restore Sourcegraph databases into a new environment

The following instructions apply only if you are restoring your databases into a new deployment of Sourcegraph ie: a new virtual machine. If you are restoring a previously running environment, see the instructions for restoring a previously running deployment

1. Copy the database dump files into the deploy-sourcegraph-docker/docker-compose directory.

2. Start the database services

docker-compose -f db-only-migrate.docker-compose.yaml up -d

3. Copy the database files into the containers

docker cp sourcegraph_db.out pgsql:/tmp/sourecgraph_db.out
docker cp codeintel_db.out codeintel-db:/tmp/codeintel_db.out

4. Restore the databases

docker exec pgsql sh -c 'psql -v ERROR_ON_STOP=1 --username sg -f /tmp/sourcegraph_db.out sg'
docker exec codeintel-db sh -c 'psql -v ERROR_ON_STOP=1 --username sg -f /tmp/condeintel_db.out sg'

5. Start the remaining Sourcegraph services

docker-compose up -d

6. Verify the deployment has started

docker-compose ps
          Name                         Command                       State                                                           Ports
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
caddy                       caddy run --config /etc/ca ...   Up                      2019/tcp, 0.0.0.0:443->443/tcp, 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp
cadvisor                    /usr/bin/cadvisor -logtost ...   Up (health: starting)   8080/tcp
codeinsights-db             docker-entrypoint.sh postgres    Up                      5432/tcp
codeintel-db                /postgres.sh                     Up (healthy)            5432/tcp
github-proxy                /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
gitserver-0                 /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
grafana                     /entry.sh                        Up                      3000/tcp, 0.0.0.0:3370->3370/tcp
jaeger                      /go/bin/all-in-one-linux - ...   Up                      0.0.0.0:14250->14250/tcp, 14268/tcp, 0.0.0.0:16686->16686/tcp, 5775/udp, 0.0.0.0:5778->5778/tcp,
                                                                                     0.0.0.0:6831->6831/tcp, 6831/udp, 0.0.0.0:6832->6832/tcp, 6832/udp
blobstore                   /usr/bin/docker-entrypoint ...   Up (healthy)            9000/tcp
pgsql                       /postgres.sh                     Up (healthy)            5432/tcp
precise-code-intel-worker   /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up (health: starting)   3188/tcp
prometheus                  /bin/prom-wrapper                Up                      0.0.0.0:9090->9090/tcp
query-runner                /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
redis-cache                 /sbin/tini -- redis-server ...   Up                      6379/tcp
redis-store                 /sbin/tini -- redis-server ...   Up                      6379/tcp
repo-updater                /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
searcher-0                  /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up (healthy)
symbols-0                   /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up (healthy)            3184/tcp
syntect-server              sh -c /http-server-stabili ...   Up (healthy)            9238/tcp
worker                      /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up                      3189/tcp
zoekt-indexserver-0         /sbin/tini -- zoekt-source ...   Up
zoekt-webserver-0           /sbin/tini -- /bin/sh -c z ...   Up (healthy)> docker-compose ps

7. Browse to your Sourcegraph deployment, login and verify your existing configuration has been restored

Restore Sourcegraph databases into an existing environment

1. cd to the deploy-sourcegraph-docker/docker-compose and stop the previous deployment and remove any existing volumes

docker-compose down
docker volume rm docker-compose_pgsql
docker volume rm docker-compose_codeintel-db

2. Start the databases services only

docker-compose -f db-only-migrate.docker-compose.yaml up -d

3. Copy the database files into the containers

docker cp sourcegraph_db.out pgsql:/tmp/sourecgraph_db.out
docker cp codeintel_db.out codeintel-db:/tmp/codeintel_db.out

4. Restore the databases

docker exec pgsql sh -c 'psql -v ERROR_ON_STOP=1 --username sg -f /tmp/sourcegraph_db.out sg'
docker exec codeintel-db sh -c 'psql -v ERROR_ON_STOP=1 --username sg -f /tmp/condeintel_db.out sg'

5. Start the remaining Sourcegraph services

docker-compose up -d

6. Verify the deployment has started

docker-compose ps
          Name                         Command                       State                                                           Ports
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
caddy                       caddy run --config /etc/ca ...   Up                      2019/tcp, 0.0.0.0:443->443/tcp, 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp
cadvisor                    /usr/bin/cadvisor -logtost ...   Up (health: starting)   8080/tcp
codeinsights-db             docker-entrypoint.sh postgres    Up                      5432/tcp
codeintel-db                /postgres.sh                     Up (healthy)            5432/tcp
github-proxy                /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
gitserver-0                 /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
grafana                     /entry.sh                        Up                      3000/tcp, 0.0.0.0:3370->3370/tcp
jaeger                      /go/bin/all-in-one-linux - ...   Up                      0.0.0.0:14250->14250/tcp, 14268/tcp, 0.0.0.0:16686->16686/tcp, 5775/udp, 0.0.0.0:5778->5778/tcp,
                                                                                     0.0.0.0:6831->6831/tcp, 6831/udp, 0.0.0.0:6832->6832/tcp, 6832/udp
blobstore                   /usr/bin/docker-entrypoint ...   Up (healthy)            9000/tcp
pgsql                       /postgres.sh                     Up (healthy)            5432/tcp
precise-code-intel-worker   /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up (health: starting)   3188/tcp
prometheus                  /bin/prom-wrapper                Up                      0.0.0.0:9090->9090/tcp
query-runner                /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
redis-cache                 /sbin/tini -- redis-server ...   Up                      6379/tcp
redis-store                 /sbin/tini -- redis-server ...   Up                      6379/tcp
repo-updater                /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up
searcher-0                  /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up (healthy)
symbols-0                   /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up (healthy)            3184/tcp
syntect-server              sh -c /http-server-stabili ...   Up (healthy)            9238/tcp
worker                      /sbin/tini -- /usr/local/b ...   Up                      3189/tcp
zoekt-indexserver-0         /sbin/tini -- zoekt-source ...   Up
zoekt-webserver-0           /sbin/tini -- /bin/sh -c z ...   Up (healthy)> docker-compose ps

7. Browse to your Sourcegraph deployment, login and verify your existing configuration has been restored

Monitoring

You can monitor the health of a deployment in several ways:

  • Using Sourcegraph’s built-in observability suite, which includes dashboards and alerting for Sourcegraph services.
  • Using docker ps to check on the status of containers within the deployment (any tooling designed to work with Docker containers and/or Docker Compose will work too).
    • This requires direct access to your instance’s host machine.

OpenTelemetry Collector

Learn more about Sourcegraph’s integrations with the OpenTelemetry Collector in our OpenTelemetry documentation.

Configure a tracing backend

Tracing export can be configured via the OpenTelemetry collector deployed by default in all Sourcegraph docker-compose deployments. To get started, edit the mounted configuration file in otel-collector/config.yaml based on the OpenTelemetry collector configuration guidance and edit your docker-compose.yaml file to have the otel-collector service use the mounted configuration:

services:
  # ...
  otel-collector:
    # ...
    command: ['--config', '/etc/otel-collector/config.yaml']
    volumes:
      - '../otel-collector/config.yaml:/etc/otel-collector/config.yaml'

Enable the bundled Jaeger deployment

Alternatively, you can use the jaeger overlay to easily deploy Sourcegraph with some default configuration that exports traces to a standalone Jaeger instance:

docker-compose \
    -f docker-compose/docker-compose.yaml \
    -f docker-compose/jaeger/docker-compose.yaml \
    up

Once a tracing backend has been set up, refer to the tracing guidance for more details.